After the Chandrayaan-3 mission landing on the moon was a hit, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) confirmed the takeoff dates of the next Aditya-L1 solar mission. India is preparing for its “Aditya-L1” Sun mission. The launch preparations have been finished, according to ISRO chief S. Somnath.
Based on the Andhra Pradesh spaceport of Sriharikota, the mission has been designated to launch on September 2 at 11:50 a.m.
The sequence of events leading up to the launch of the nation’s major solar mission, Aditya-L1, is set to begin tomorrow, according to ISRO Chairman S. Somanath, who also stated that the space agency is prepared for the mission.
The ISRO Chief stated to the reporters, “We are just getting ready for the launch. We have finished the launch rehearsal, and the rocket and satellite are ready. The countdown to the launch, which is scheduled for the next day, must begin tomorrow”.
“This project, India’s first solar attempt, will investigate the sun and is slated to launch from the Sriharikota spaceport on September 2 at 11:50 a.m. ISRO announced on August 30 that it was Aditya-L1”, he added further.
Prior to India’s Aditya-L1 solar mission, a leading scientist emphasised the importance of continuously monitoring the sun in order to research solar quakes that have the potential to change the earth’s geomagnetic fields. On Saturday, the Aditya-L1 launch to study the sun will lift off from the Sriharikota spaceport at 11.50 a.m.
On August 30, ISRO announced that internal inspections and launch preparations for its Aditya-L1 mission, intended to study the sun, had been completed. The first Indian observatory in orbit, Aditya-L1, would examine the sun.
The mission will launch with a PSLV-C57 rocket. Aditya-L1 includes seven specialist payloads that are capable of monitoring the photosphere, chromosphere, and corona of the sun over different wavelengths.
Earlier on August 14, ISRO provided an update on the preparations for the launch of mission Aditya-L1, the very first Indian observatory to study the sun from orbit.
“PSLV-C57/Aditya-L1 Mission: Aditya-L1, India’s first observatory in space for studying the Sun, appears to be set to go into space. The U R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), Bengaluru-based satellite showed up at SDSC-SHAR, Sriharikota”, according to an ISRO message on ‘X’ (previously Twitter).
According to an ISRO release, the Aditya L1 spacecraft has seven payloads for electromagnetic particles with magnetic field sensors to monitor the photosphere and chromosphere, including the sun’s outermost layers (the corona). Four payloads use the unique vantage point L1 to observe the sun directly, while the remaining three payloads conduct in-situ particle and field studies at the Lagrange point L1. This allows for significant scientific research on the propagation of solar dynamics in the interplanetary medium.
According to the statement, in order to comprehend the issues of coronal heating, coronal mass ejection, pre-flare as well as flare activities and their features, the dynamics of space weather, and the propagation of particles and fields, the Aditya L1 payloads will presumably provide some of the most important information.
At L1 (the sun-planet Lagrangian point), which is about 1.5 million kilometres from the planet, the Aditya-L1 spacecraft is intended to provide in situ studies of the solar wind as well as remote observations of the solar corona.
It will be the first specifically intended Indian space launch for Sun observations to be undertaken by the space agency with its Bengaluru headquarters.
“Some of the CMEs can also be directed towards the Earth. The fastest CME can reach near-Earth space in approximately 15 hours,” Dr. Ramesh pointed out. On why this mission was different from other similar ventures, he said, “Though ESA (the European Space Agency) and NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration) have launched similar missions in the past, the Aditya L1 mission will be unique in two main aspects because we will be able to observe the solar corona from the place where it almost starts. Also, we’ll be able to observe the magnetic field changes in the solar atmosphere, which are the cause of coronal mass ejections or solar quakes.”